Here's an example observing report/log entry for a typical lunar observing session. I use a plain bound & lined blank themebook in the observatory to record observations. I underline feature names within the text to make finding references to specific features later somewhat easier. I dislike the pre-printed log forms personally as i find them too confining. I try to log the salient points of the weather (wind speed, temp, sky condition, seeing), keep track of the magnifications and set up (binoviewer, barlows ep type) used to obtain observations and the scope used. I usually try to pre-plan a session as to targets of interest and also try to concentrate on one specific theme, in this case rilles in the terminator area. I find this makes for a more productive, instructive and coherent observing session that a more scatter-shot approach.
Note: The graphics are, of course, not included in the observing log, but are included to illustrate the features mentioned in the text. They give a very good idea of the actual view to be had in a 5" achromat in average to good seeing. The text is taken from the actual log of the session.
Goals in a visual observing campaign:
1) Build a familiarity with the surface. One can see countless visual examples of basic geological processes and principles frozen in time on the lunar surface. Actually seeing how domes form around a major fault like Rima /Rupes Cauchy is much more impressive to the mind than simply reading about it in a book.
2) Identify visually interesting areas for later detailed study. What causes the visibly plain albedo variations on the floor of Humboldt crater for example?
3) Do resolution studies. What features can you see and how do they appear in a specific instrument setup? This is helpful in interpreting historical observations as well as developing a familiarity with what one can reasonably expect to discern through one's telescope. It's also fun & challenging searching for the finest features visible!
4) Feature identification studies: How do features appear telescopically in form and shape compared to their highly resolved form in a Lunar Orbiter Atlas for example? This path can lead to much understanding of how increased resolution afforded by the orbiters contributed to many misunderstandings of form originating during the visual era. Examples: Gruithuisen's "Lunar City" and O'Neill's "Bridge". It can also help one become better at interpreting the true form of a feature as viewed telescopically: is it a volcanic dome- or a peak- or a mere hummock of ejecta?
12-02-06. 28F, no surface wind but high, very thin cloud cover with winds aloft. ~2"seeing. Used magnification of 276x most of session: 7.7mm AbbeOrthos, BVer and 1.8 corrector lens with a 5" f/9.3 achromat. Primary features of interest for this session: Rilles.
Started out in the Mersenius area, the western shores of Mare Humorum. Referring to the graphic below (from an earlier lunation), my observations were:
Next I observed Schickard which was a really fine sight this evening. Letter craters A, B and C were plainly resolved as well as many trending smaller to the limits of resolution. An interesting arrangement of craterlets reminded me of the trapezium, lying on the N part of the floor. Not all of these were resolvable however. The nice E-W in-line pair towards crater center from B were plain however.
Aristarchus area was also well placed for observation this evening. I was interested in seeing if I could make out some of this crater's namesake rille system. Observations referring to the graphic below:
Finishing of this 3 hour session was Mons Rumker, situated just beyond the terminator, displaying a foreshortened view that made me imagine looking out the window of a far orbiter from space!